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Production of Ultra-High Charge States in Heavy-Ion Collisions

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3 Author(s)
Wittkower, A.B. ; High Voltage Engineering Corporation Burlington, Massachusetts 01803 ; Ryding, G. ; Rose, P.H.

Charge-state fractions have been determined for iodine, selenium and bromine ions traversing oxygen, argon, krypton, xenon, carbon-foil and gold-foil targets. Particular attention has been paid to high charge states, some containing as little as 10-6% of the primary beam intensity. The measurements indicate that a TU tandem accelerator is capable of delivering useful beams of heavy elements up to bromine (including 82Se and 48Ca) with energies suitable for the research of super-heavy elements.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 3 )