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Design, Construction, and Testing of RF Structures for a Proton Linear Accelerator

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1 Author(s)
Knapp, E.A. ; University of California, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico

The factors influencing the choice of a RF accelerating structure for acceleration of protons to high energies in a high-current proton linac are reviewed. Characteristics of resonant periodic cavity chains are described, and the properties of two modes of operation, the ¿-mode and the ¿/2-mode, are discussed. The cloverleaf cavity chain, suitable for use in the ¿-mode, and four possible configurations suitable for use in the ¿/2-mode are described. A new accelerator coupling scheme usable in ¿/2-mode tank operation is also discussed. Studies of possible fabrication techniques, and the results of a fabricational program utilizing machined forgings to produce a cloverleaf chain are described. Sparking and electron acceleration tests are also briefly mentioned.

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 3 )