By Topic

Multiplier Phototubes for Single Electron Counting

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Eberhardt, E.H. ; ITT Industrial Laboratories, Fort Wayne, Indiana

Typical operating characteristics of ITT Industrial Laboratories' special purpose multiplier phototubes are described, with particular emphasis on the ability of these tubes to count single photoelectrons with minimum interference from dark noise. This ability, of particular significance in the detection of low energy quanta, including single photons, follows from the Poisson-like output pulse height distribution observed in the tubes in which a well-defined most probable pulse amplitude appears, compared to a more complex but lower amplitude dark noise pulse height spectrum. Other features of these tubes, such as adjustable cathode size and shape, electrical deflection for automatic gain calibration, alignment and image tracking, and reduction of dark noise with cooling, are also described.

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 3 )