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This paper shows an improved statistical test for voice activity detection in noise adverse environments. The method is based on a revised contextual likelihood ratio test (LRT) defined over a multiple observation window. The motivations for revising the original multiple observation LRT (MO-LRT) are found in its artificially added hangover mechanism that exhibits an incorrect behavior under different signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions. The new approach defines a maximum a posteriori (MAP) statistical test in which all the global hypotheses on the multiple observation window containing up to one speech-to-nonspeech or nonspeech-to-speech transitions are considered. Thus, the implicit hangover mechanism artificially added by the original method was not found in the revised method so its design can be further improved. With these and other innovations, the proposed method showed a higher speech/nonspeech discrimination accuracy over a wide range of SNR conditions when compared to the original MO-LRT voice activity detector (VAD). Experiments conducted on the AURORA databases and tasks showed that the revised method yields significant improvements in speech recognition performance over standardized VADs such as ITU T G.729 and ETSI AMR for discontinuous voice transmission and the ETSI AFE for distributed speech recognition (DSR), as well as over recently reported methods.
Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:15 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2007