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Experimental Investigation on Arc Phenomena in SF6 Puffer Circuit Breakers

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4 Author(s)

A detailed observation of an arc in a model puffer-type SF6 gas circuit breaker in the current range between 10 and 50 kA (rms) has been carried out. It was found that the arc column remained stable on the center axis during the high-current region, then became turbulent near current zero. It was found that the time interval during which the turbulent arc was observed decreased with increasing values of the peak current. These phenomena indicated that the thermal effects of high-current arcs remain even at current zero. It also was observed that the arc diameter at the nozzle throat outlet was smaller than that at the throat (29 mm), even at a current as high as 70 kA (instantaneous), and that the boundary of gas flow at a downstream region had a very large diameter when the arcs were present. However, around current zero the boundary diameter became as small as that without arc.

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 4 )