By Topic

Improved Model for Anode Spot Formation in Vacuum Arcs

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)

The evaporation instability model for anode spot formation in high-current vacuum arcs shows one severe deficiency: it needs a critical vapor density at the anode, that is by two orders of magnitude higher than the measured value. The discrepancy can be bridged, if it is assumed that due to the relatively cool anode a low vapor pressure exists near the anode and thus the self magnetic field constricts the arc in the vicinity of the anode considerably. In consequence, the vapor density is higher near the anode than far away from that electrode. The mathematical analysis of that model shows that the predicted constriction near the anode exists indeed. The vapor density obtained at the anode surface is by more than two orders of magnitude higher than in the column and the absolute value is high enough to start the anode spot instability due to evaporation of the anode. The model shows that neither a pure magnetic constriction model nor a pure anode evaporation model can account for the effects observed, but that both effects contribute considerably to the phenomenon of anode spot formation in high-current vacuum arcs.

Published in:

Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 4 )