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A new HF device is described. It allows the production, without the use of a magnetic field, of long plasma columns from a small HF coupling structure situated at one end of the column. Its operation is based on the propagation of a cold plasma surface wave. This device can work (in argon for example) at pressures from 2 mTorr to 20 Torr with electron densities from 1010 cm-3 to 1013 cm-3, depending on plasma diameter and HF power. Typically, 80W of 500 MHz HF will produce a 25 mn diameter column of 1.8 m length. The plasma is quiescent (low electron density fluctuations), efficient (~ 100% absorbed power), and perfectly reproducible. It can be used as a substitute for a positive column, and some practical applications are foreseen in ion production, laser excitation, gas preionization and spectroscopic sources.