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The Dynamic Behavior of Nozzle Arcs

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2 Author(s)

The dynamic behavior of ac arcs in a supersonic nozzle has been investigated. The close coupling between the arc and its external flow determines the arc characteristics as well as the flow transients within the nozzle in a gas-blast circuit breaker. For affinely related nozzles, the dynamic behavior of the system is found to be fully determined by two nondimensional parameters: the nozzle coefficient N [17] and the nondimensional frequency ¿ which is the product of the angular frequency of the current and the time scale of the system. Of these two parameters, ¿ controls the qualitative behavior of the arc and its external flow. When ¿ is of the order of 10-2 or less, a quasi-steady period of arcing exists. Arc modeling can then be conveniently divided into a quasi-steady-state (hence dc) phase and a current-zero period.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 4 )