Skip to Main Content
In 1965 Cooley and Tukey published an algorithm for rapid calculation of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), a particularly convenient calculating technique, which can well be applied to impulse-like functions whose beginning and end lie at the same level. Independently, various propositions were made to overcome the truncation error which arises, if a step-like function, i.e. one whose end level differs from its starting level, is treated in the same way. It was argued that they behave differently under the influence of noise, band-limited violation, and other experimental inconveniences. The aim of this paper is to show that the three widely and satisfactorily used techniques of Samulon, Nicolson, and Gans, which originate from apparently different ideas, are exactly the same. An extended DFT and fast Fourier transform (FFT) formula is deduced which is adapted as well to impulse-like as to step-like functions.