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Use of a Sampling Scheme to Detect Transient Saturation in Protective Current Transformers

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2 Author(s)

Current-transformer (CT) saturation due to primary dc transient offsets presents a problem with regard to fast and predictable operation of protective relays. In this paper, a method is devised and tested for detecting the presence of saturation by sampling the output of the current transformer every millisecond. Successive sampled values are compared and a large difference between these values is used to indicate that saturation has occurred. Results are given that show the circuit operation when actually connected to a CT that is subjected to a transient primary current. Finally, some possible applications of the saturation detector in protection and other areas are suggested.

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )