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A Model of Eye Movements Induced by Head Rotation

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2 Author(s)

It is well known that head rotation will induce eye movements known as rotational nystagmus, the slow phase of which compensates for head rotation fairly well, and the quick phase of which takes place intermittently in the opposite direction to the preceding slow phase. From both frequency and transient responses, it is confirmed that the slow phase velocity is proportional to the output of the semicircular canal, the main transducer of head rotation. The relationship between the canal output and the quick phase is also discussed. A simple model is proposed in which the quick phase and slow phase are separately generated. In cats under controlled ether anesthesia, it is found that both phases of the rotational nystagmus can be decomposed into primary and secondary components, and a new model of the vestibulo-ocular system is proposed which includes the simultaneous influence of these two components. The model is analyzed to find a condition where the summed effect of primary and secondary components of response constituting the slow phase of rotational ocular nystagmus can be made proportional to the canal output. Many simulation results are presented to demonstrate the validity of the model.

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:SMC-1 ,  Issue: 3 )