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Previous papers have described a method for the detection of arcing fallen distribution primiary conductor faults using the electrical noise in feeder current above 2kHz. While this method provided improved detection of such faults, this high frequency signal often would not propagate past capacitor banks. In the present paper, we describe a technique for the identification of arcing high impedance faults using burst noise signals at frequencies near the power system fundamental and low order harmonics. Arcing generates non-synchronous burst noise signals which approximate white noise, providing a signal which can be differentiated from synchronous power system signals in the frequency bands of interest. The primary advantage of monitoring frequencies near the fundamental is that this arcing fault signal at low frequencies will exhibit little attenuation from capacitor banks or other sources. This paper provides preliminary results that arcing faults can be detected effectively using frequency components below 60 Hz or between low order harmonics of 60 Hz. The technique is demonstrated through analysis of analog signals recorded during numerouis staged utility downed conductor tests.
Date of Publication: April 1987