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A fault section detecting system using optical magnetic field sensors developed for gas insulated transmission lines (GIL) is reported. A bismuth silicon oxide (Bi12SiO20, or BSO) single crystal was adopted for the optical nagnetic field sensor. A method of mounting the sensors to GIL which enables the sensors to detect the conductor current from outside the enclosure was developed. With the developed fault detector, faults occurring inside a section of GIL between sensors are detected by discriminating the phases of conductor currents detected by the sensors. The system was confirmed to have sufficient performance for application to commercial GILS.
Date of Publication: Jan. 1986