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Absolute Distance Measurement With Improved Accuracy Using Laser Diode Self-Mixing Interferometry in a Closed Loop

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3 Author(s)
Michele Norgia ; Politecnico di Milano, Milan ; Guido Giuliani ; Silvano Donati

We present a new method for the measurement of the absolute distance of a remote target based on the laser diode self-mixing interferometry technique, which is assisted by an electronic feedback loop that is capable of improving the measurement accuracy. The feedback loop supplies a periodic change of the emitted wavelength that exactly corresponds to a single interferometric fringe. This allows the measurement of the target distance with higher accuracy, which, in principle, is limited only by the detection shot noise and not by the fringe quantization error that is typical for the conventional fringe-counting approaches. We developed a prototype that is capable of measuring the target distance with 0.3-mm accuracy in the 0.2- to 3-m range.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 5 )