Skip to Main Content
We developed a micromagnetic model of magnetic force microscopy (MFM) tip to compare it with the simple point probe model. We simulated the MFM signal to provide an understanding of the measurement of the field generated by the write head in perpendicular recording hard disk drives. When the magnetic pole density at the air-bearing surface of the head's main pole is increased from 0.2 T to 1 T, the MFM tip with vertical anisotropy shows a flower-state magnetization, while the tip with horizontal anisotropy has more complicated switching modes. It is found that the signal ratio of the two MFM tips with vertical/horizontal anisotropy does have a one-to-one correspondence to the average magnetic field in the tip; however, the signal ratio may change sign because of the magnetic moments' switching in the tip with vertical anisotropy. The result of micromagnetic simulation is quite similar to that of the point probe model, and has good agreement with experiments.