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The group mutual exclusion problem extends the traditional mutual exclusion problem by associating a type (or a group) with each critical section. In this problem, processes requesting critical sections of the same type can execute their critical sections concurrently. However, processes requesting critical sections of different types must execute their critical sections in a mutually exclusive manner. We present a distributed algorithm for solving the group mutual exclusion problem based on the notion of surrogate-quorum. Intuitively, our algorithm uses the quorum that has been successfully locked by a request as a surrogate to service other compatible requests for the same type of critical section. Unlike the existing quorum-based algorithms for group mutual exclusion, our algorithm achieves a low message complexity of O(q) and a low (amortized) bit-message complexity of O(bqr), where q is the maximum size of a quorum, b is the maximum number of processes from which a node can receive critical section requests, and r is the maximum size of a request while maintaining both synchronization delay and waiting time at two message hops. As opposed to some existing quorum-based algorithms, our algorithm can adapt without performance penalties to dynamic changes in the set of groups. Our simulation results indicate that our algorithm outperforms the existing quorum-based algorithms for group mutual exclusion by as much as 45 percent in some cases. We also discuss how our algorithm can be extended to satisfy certain desirable properties such as concurrent entry and unnecessary blocking freedom.
Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 10 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2007