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This paper proposes a novel method of detecting the active and reactive currents in single-phase circuits using the correlation and cross-correlation coefficients in the time domain. The active current is detected using the correlation coefficient between the source voltage and load current waveforms, and the reactive current is detected using the cross-correlation coefficient. The basic principle of the proposed detection method is discussed, and the proposed method is applied to a previously proposed single-phase shunt active filter for consumer electronic equipment. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate the excellent practicability of the proposed detection method.