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A Method for Vehicle Count in the Presence of Multiple-Vehicle Occlusions in Traffic Images

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3 Author(s)
Pang, C.C.C. ; Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong ; Lam, W.W.L. ; Yung, N.H.C.

This paper proposes a novel method for accurately counting the number of vehicles that are involved in multiple-vehicle occlusions, based on the resolvability of each occluded vehicle, as seen in a monocular traffic image sequence. Assuming that the occluded vehicles are segmented from the road background by a previously proposed vehicle segmentation method and that a deformable model is geometrically fitted onto the occluded vehicles, the proposed method first deduces the number of vertices per individual vehicle from the camera configuration. Second, a contour description model is utilized to describe the direction of the contour segments with respect to its vanishing points, from which individual contour description and vehicle count are determined. Third, it assigns a resolvability index to each occluded vehicle based on a resolvability model, from which each occluded vehicle model is resolved and the vehicle dimension is measured. The proposed method has been tested on 267 sets of real-world monocular traffic images containing 3074 vehicles with multiple-vehicle occlusions and is found to be 100% accurate in calculating vehicle count, in comparison with human inspection. By comparing the estimated dimensions of the resolved generalized deformable model of the vehicle with the actual dimensions published by the manufacturers, the root-mean-square error for width, length, and height estimations are found to be 48, 279, and 76 mm, respectively.

Published in:

Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )