Skip to Main Content
Free space optical (FSO) communication systems provide tremendous potential for low-cost time-constrained high-bandwidth connectivity in a variety of network scenarios. However, these communication systems are highly unreliable due to the variations in the atmospheric channel thus making carrier grade reliabilities very difficult. Previous solutions suggest the use of a backup RF channel in conjunction with the FSO channel. The transmitted message is also duplicated on the RF channel allowing data recovery during the failure of the optical wireless channel. However, this leads to a wastage of the bandwidth of the RF channel and may sometimes also lead to channel "flapping". In this paper, we propose a novel coding mechanism that optimally achieves the capacity of the combined FSO and RF channels and still provides carrier grade (99.999%) reliabilities in the FSO link. The proposed mechanism uses nonuniform and rate-compatible LDPC codes to achieve the desired reliability and capacity limits. By avoiding data duplication, we preserve to a great extent the crucial security benefit of the FSO communication. Using simulations, we provide initial results on the performance of these codes to support our claims. In particular, we show that, more than two orders of magnitude improvements in the bit error rates and many-fold decrease in the outage probabilities are possible when using hybrid channel codes.