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A method with clear guidelines is presented to design compact planar phase shifters with ultra-wideband (UWB) characteristics. The proposed method exploits broadside coupling between top and bottom elliptical microstrip patches via an elliptical slot located in the mid layer, which forms the ground plane. A theoretical model is used to analyze performance of the proposed devices. The model shows that it is possible to design high-performance UWB phase shifters for the 25deg-48deg range using the proposed structure. The method is used to design 30deg and 45deg phase shifters that have compact size, i.e., 2.5 cm times 2 cm. The simulated and measured results show that the designed phase shifters achieve better than plusmn3deg differential phase stability, less than 1-dB insertion loss, and better than 10-dB return loss across the UWB, i.e., 3.1-10.6 GHz.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:55 , Issue: 9 )
Date of Publication: Sept. 2007