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The design of a resonant inverter for high-frequency ac (HFAC) power distribution systems is complicated by the following three factors: 1) A number of electronic loads located in different locations are connected to the resonant inverter, the impedance, and the power factor of the equivalent load of which varies over a wider range than a system with a certain load; 2) the resonant inverter is subject to an input-line voltage varying over a wide range; and 3) the characteristics of the resonant inverter depend on the load impedance. It is mandatory to operate the inverter with zero-voltage switching under various load conditions of different power factors and over wide input variations. It is further desirable that multiple resonant inverters can be paralleled with simple current-sharing control (CSC). A phase-shift- modulation (PSM)-controlled full-bridge series-parallel resonant inverter is proposed for the HFAC power distribution architectures. A new PSM method is proposed with which the phase angle of the inverter output voltage is independent of the modulation signal of the phase-shift modulator. Such a feature allows multiple resonant inverters to operate in parallel with a magnitude CSC. The resonant inverter is analyzed with a general nonresistive load model, and the design curves are developed. A prototype resonant inverter system is designed and implemented with an operation frequency of 1 MHz, a rated output power of 150 W, and a sinusoidal output voltage of 1-MHz 28-V rms. The proposed resonant inverter has the advantages of high efficiency over wide input/output line variations, high waveform quality of the output voltage, and phase-angle independence of the voltage-feedback/feed-forward control and CSC.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2007