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The Influence of Antenna Pattern on Faraday Rotation in Remote Sensing at L-Band

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5 Author(s)

The influence of the pattern of the receive antenna on measured Faraday rotation is examined in the context of passive remote sensing of soil moisture and ocean salinity at L-band. Faraday rotation is an important consideration for radiometers on future missions in space, such as SMOS and Aquarius. Using the radiometer on Aquarius as an example, it is shown that, while I = Tv + Th is independent of Faraday rotation to first order, it has rotation dependence when realistic antenna patterns are included in the analysis. In addition, it is shown that using the third Stokes parameter to measure the rotation angle can yield a result that is biased by as much as 1deg by purely geometrical issues that are associated with the finite width of the main beam.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 9 )