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In this letter, a novel structure of the polycrystalline silicon thin-film transistors (TFTs) with a self-aligned gate and raised source/drain (RSD) formed by the damascene process has been developed and investigated. Comparing with the conventional coplanar TFT, the proposed RSD TFT has a remarkable lower off-state current (177 to 6.29 nA), and the on/off current ratio is only slightly decreased from 1.71 times 107 to 1.39 times 107. Only four photomasking steps are required. This novel structure is an excellent candidate for further high-performance large-area device applications.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2007