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This paper deals with the design of robust fault detection for networked control systems with large transfer delays, in which it is impossible to totally decouple the fault effects from unknown inputs (including model uncertainties and external plant disturbances). First, we employ the multirate sampling method together with the augmented state matrix method to model the long random delay networked control systems as Markovian jump systems. Then, a Hinfin fault detection filter is designed based on the model developed. Through the appropriate choice of the filter gain, the filter is convergent if there is no disturbance in the system, meanwhile the effect of disturbances on the residual will satisfy a prescribed Hinfin performance. The problem of achieving satisfactory sensitivity of the residual to fault is formulated and its solution is given. Finally, a numerical example is presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed techniques.