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An Externality-based Decentralized Optimal Power Allocation Scheme for Wireless Mesh Networks

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2 Author(s)
Sharma, S. ; Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor ; Teneketzis, D.

The rapidly growing demand for wireless communication makes efficient power allocation a critical factor in the network's efficient operation. Power allocation in decentralized wireless systems, where the transmission of a user creates interference to other users and directly affects their utilities, has been recently studied by pricing methods. However, pricing methods do not result in efficient/optimal power allocations for such systems for the following reason. Systems where a user's actions directly affect the utilities of other users are known to have externalities. It is well known [1, Chapter 11] that in systems with externalities, standard efficiency theorems on market equilibrium do not apply and pricing methods do not result in Pareto optimal outcomes. In this paper we formulate the power allocation problem for a wireless mesh network as a decentralized allocation problem with 'externalities'. We consider a decentralized system where users' utilities and channel gains are private information and the system has multiple interference temperature constraints to control interference. We present a decentralized mechanism to allocate transmission powers to the users. The mechanism takes into account the externality generated to the other users by the transmission of each user, satisfies the informational constraints of the system, overcomes the inefficiency of pricing mechanisms and guarantees convergence to globally optimal power allocations.

Published in:

Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, 2007. SECON '07. 4th Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on

Date of Conference:

18-21 June 2007