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Recently, several algorithms have been proposed to enhance noisy speech by estimating a binary mask that can be used to select those time-frequency regions of a noisy speech signal that contain more speech energy than noise energy. This binary mask encodes the uncertainty associated with enhanced speech in the linear spectral domain. The use of the cepstral transformation smears the information from the noise dominant time-frequency regions across all the cepstral features. We propose a supervised approach using regression trees to learn the nonlinear transformation of the uncertainty from the linear spectral domain to the cepstral domain. This uncertainty is used by a decoder that exploits the variance associated with the enhanced cepstral features to improve robust speech recognition. Systematic evaluations on a subset of the Aurora4 task using the estimated uncertainty show substantial improvement over the baseline performance across various noise conditions.
Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:15 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: Sept. 2007