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This paper presents a system-on-chip circuit architecture that enables the extraction of concentration information directly from a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) probe, independent of ambient fluctuations in the reference medium, temperature, and background light. Compensation for these baseline (bulk) interferences is embedded into the baseline integration state of the photodetectors in the optical path, creating a ldquoflat linerdquo for the baseline [no analyte present/bulk refractive index (RI)] condition and the characteristic SPR dips for the measurement (analyte present) condition. A resolution of 2 times 10-4 RI units is possible with this system, comparable to the 5 times 10-4 RI unit resolution of conventional signal processing (software-based) approaches to processing the same data using a similar framework. This approach demonstrates experimentally the capability of the dip-based SPR probe in a portable footprint for detecting RI at resolution levels suitable for practical applications of these probes to field environments.