Skip to Main Content
There is a need for new spectrum access protocols that are opportunistic, flexible and efficient, yet fair. Game theory provides a framework for analyzing spectrum access, a problem that involves complex distributed decisions by independent spectrum users. We develop a cooperative game theory model to analyze a scenario where nodes in a multi-hop wireless network need to agree on a fair allocation of spectrum. We show that in high interference environments, the utility space of the game is non-convex, which may make some optimal allocations unachievable with pure strategies. However, we show that as the number of channels available increases, the utility space becomes close to convex and thus optimal allocations become achievable with pure strategies. We propose the use of the Nash Bargaining Solution and show that it achieves a good compromise between fairness and efficiency, using a small number of channels. Finally, we propose a distributed algorithm for spectrum sharing and show that it achieves allocations reasonably close to the Nash Bargaining Solution.