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Impact of Spatial Fading Correlation and Keyholes on the Capacity of MIMO Systems with Transmitter and Receiver CSI

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2 Author(s)
Maaref, A. ; Univ. of Quebec, Montreal ; Aissa, S.

This paper investigates the impact of fading correlation and channel degeneracy alias keyhole condition on the capacity of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) spatial multiplexing systems when instantaneous channel state information is available at the transmitter and receiver sides. Two special scenarios of a double scattering channel model are analyzed: (i) an extremely rich scattering environment corresponding to a conventional semi-correlated Rayleigh fading channel whereby correlation is accounted for either among the transmitting or the receiving antennas and (ii) a rank-deficient keyhole channel with a single degree of freedom and zero correlation at both sides of the wireless link. For both fading scenarios, closed-form capacity expressions are derived in terms of a cut-off signal- to-noise ratio which must be solved for numerically. In the case of semi-correlated Rayleigh fading, the capacity expressions are obtained for two kinds of correlation structures, namely, a constant correlation model and an arbitrary correlation model, the latter being induced by a full-rank covariance matrix with non-repeating distinct eigenvalues. Monte Carlo simulations are also carried out thereby upholding our theoretical analysis.

Published in:

Communications, 2007. ICC '07. IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

24-28 June 2007