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A Near Optimal Localized Heuristic for Voice Multicasting over Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

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3 Author(s)
Venkat Raju, G. ; Yahoo! Software Dev. India Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore ; Bheemarjuna Reddy, T. ; Siva Ram Murthy, C.

Providing real-time voice multicasting over multi-hop ad hoc wireless networks is a challenging task. The unique characteristics of voice traffic (viz. small packet size, high packet rate, and soft real-time nature) make conventional multicasting protocols perform quite poorly, hence warranting application centric approaches in order to provide robustness against packet losses and lower the overhead due to high packet rate. In this paper, we first show that the optimal voice multicasting tree (OVMT) problem is NP-complete and then propose a localized distributed heuristic for minimum number of transmissions (LDMT). By incorporating LDMT in ADMR protocol, extensive simulations are done in NS-2 framework to measure the performance of LDMT for voice applications. We observed that LDMT reduces the redundant transmissions in transmitting voice packets from the source to all multicast receivers (thus reducing the overall voice traffic considerably), thereby making it suitable for voice multicasting in AWNs.

Published in:

Communications, 2007. ICC '07. IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

24-28 June 2007