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The channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter can significantly improve the performance of multiple-antenna systems. However, providing full knowledge of CSI at the transmitter may not be affordable in many practical cases. Thus, exploiting the partial channel knowledge to improve system performance seems to be attractive. An interpolation based limited feedback precoding scheme (ILFP) for MIMO-OFDM systems is proposed. In this scheme, both the transmitter and the receiver store the codebook of precoding matrices constructed offline using two-variable joint vector quantisation. Considering the correlation between OFDM subcarriers, they are divided into subcarrier clusters. At the receiver, precoding is carried out on the clusters, and then the precoding information is conveyed to the transmitter by limited bits of feedback. At the transmitter, the precoding matrices for each subcarrier are obtained by interpolation according to the feedback. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms the existing schemes.
Date of Publication: August 2007