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Non-parametric maximum-likelihood channel estimator and detector for OFDM in presence of interference

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3 Author(s)
Bhatia, V. ; Sch. of Eng. & Electron., Univ. of Edinburgh, Edinburgh ; Mulgrew, B. ; Falconer, D.D.

A maximum-likelihood channel estimator for the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing communication environments, in the presence of interference is discussed here. In a training-based scenario, the channel is estimated based on pilots that precede the transmission of the information. To reduce the number of estimation parameters, the channel is estimated iteratively in time-domain. Since interference from other users provide no useful information, parameters of the interference are neither estimated nor the effect of the interference neglected, instead interference along with Gaussian noise is perceived as non-Gaussian noise process. The algorithm assumes no a priori knowledge about the interfering channel and signal at the receiver, further no assumption on the statistical properties of the interferer is assumed, which makes this algorithm robust. The estimated channel information along with the estimated distribution are then utilised to equalise the subsequent data blocks. The strength of the algorithm is in its robustness to both synchronous and asynchronous interference, which is confirmed by the simulation results for both flat and multipath fading channels in presence of synchronous and asynchronous interference.

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Communications, IET  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 4 )