By Topic

Environmentally Benign Single-Wafer Spin Cleaning Using Ultra-Diluted HF/Nitrogen Jet Spray Without Causing Structural Damage and Material Loss

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)

Realizing environmentally benign silicon-wafer cleaning has become one of the most important topics in the semiconductor industry. We have developed an ultra-diluted HF/nitrogen-gas jet spray procedure for single-wafer spin cleaning, which can efficiently remove not only particulate but also metallic contaminants in 20 s from both silicon and silicon-dioxide surfaces without causing damage to fragile 45-nm wide polycrystalline-silicon gate structures. The use of a very low HF concentration makes the silicon and oxide losses negligible, below 0.003 and 0.03 nm, respectively. This simple, single-step, single-wafer Spin CLeaning with use of Ultra-Diluted HF/nitrogen jet spray (SCLUD) drastically reduces the chemical and water consumption as well as electrical energy per wafer due to the short spraying time with the ultra-diluted HF at room temperature. HF wastewater, the only effluent of this cleaning, is recycled by forming CaF2, which can be a raw material for HF or Portland cement. This cleaning, therefore, meets the requirements with respect to the environmental control.

Published in:

Semiconductor Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )