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A Novel T-Connected Autotransformer-Based 18-Pulse AC–DC Converter for Harmonic Mitigation in Adjustable-Speed Induction-Motor Drives

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3 Author(s)
Singh, B. ; Indian Inst. of Technol., New Delhi ; Garg, V. ; Bhuvaneswari, G.

This paper presents the design, analysis, and development of a novel autotransformer-based 18-pulse AC-DC converter with reduced kilovoltampere rating, feeding vector-controlled induction-motor drives (VCIMDs) for power-quality improvement at the point of common coupling (PCC). The proposed autotransformer consists of only two single-phase transformers for its realization against three single-phase transformers required in other configurations. The proposed 18-pulse AC-DC converter is suitable for retrofit applications, where, presently, a six-pulse diode bridge rectifier is being used. A set of power-quality parameters, such as total harmonic distortion (THD) and crest factor of AC mains current, power factor, displacement factor, and distortion factor at AC mains, THD of supply voltage at PCC, and DC-bus-voltage ripple factor for a VCIMD fed from an 18-pulse AC-DC converter, are computed to observe its performance. The presented design technique provides flexibility to give an average DC output from the proposed converter, which is the same as that of a conventional three-phase diode bridge rectifier. However, it is also possible to step-up or step-down the output voltage as required. The effect of load variation on VCIMD is also studied to observe the effectiveness of the proposed harmonic mitigator. A laboratory prototype of the proposed autotransformer-based 18-pulse AC-DC converter is developed to validate the design and simulation model.

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 5 )