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A New Scheme on Robust Observer Based Control Design for Nonlinear Interconnected Systems with Application to an Industrial Utility Boiler

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3 Author(s)
Swarnakar, A. ; Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton ; Marquez, H.J. ; Tongwen Chen

This paper presents a new design algorithm for the decentralized output feedback control problem of large- scale interconnected systems. A decentralized estimated state feedback controller and a decentralized observer are designed for each subsystem, based on linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Sufficient conditions for the synthesis of feedback action are provided, under which the proposed controllers and observers can achieve robust stabilization of the overall large-scale system. An attractive feature of the proposed scheme is that it guarantees connective stability of the overall system, and requires no in- tersub system communication. The controller design is evaluated on a natural circulation drum boiler, where the nonlinear model describes the key dynamical properties of the drum, the risers, the downcomers and the turbine-generator unit. The linearized system has two poles at origin, one associated with water dynamics and the other with generator dynamics. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed control against instabilities following sudden load variations. The control is also effective for steady state operation.

Published in:

American Control Conference, 2007. ACC '07

Date of Conference:

9-13 July 2007