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Utility Wind Integration and Operating Impact State of the Art

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4 Author(s)
J. Charles Smith ; Utility Wind Integration Group, Reston ; Michael R. Milligan ; Edgar A. DeMeo ; Brian Parsons

In only six years, from 2000 to 2006, wind energy has become a significant resource on many electric utility systems, with nearly 74 000 MW of nameplate capacity installed worldwide at the end of 2006. Wind energy is now "utility scale" and can affect utility system planning and operations for both generation and transmission. The utility industry in general, and transmission system operators in particular, are beginning to take note. At the end of 2005, the Power Engineering Society (PES) published a special issue of its Power & Energy Magazine that focused on integrating wind into the power system. This paper provides a summary and update on many of the salient points from that special issue about the current state of knowledge regarding utility wind integration issues.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )