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Impact of Process Goal and Outcome Goal on Learning Performance for Web-based Learners

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4 Author(s)
Nian-Shing Chen ; Nat. Sun Yat-sen Univ., Kaohsiung ; Kinshuk ; Chun-Wang Wei ; Feng-Hsien Hsu

The purpose of this research is to develop a Web-based learning environment where teachers can provide subject content using SCORM simple sequence specification (SSS) mechanism with guided learning paths to cultivate learners' goal setting skills. This research investigates the difference in learning performance between the process goal and the outcome goal. The subject of the study is "division of decimals" in elementary school curriculum. The results show that there are no significantly difference in the aspects of learning scores and satisfaction between the process goal group and outcome goal group. Furthermore, the process goal group is more efficient than the outcome goal group in time spent for completing the learning objectives. Moreover, the learners who had a higher post-test score in the process goal group spent significantly less time to achieve the learning objectives than those who had a lower post-test score. However, there is no such finding for the outcome goal group.

Published in:

Advanced Learning Technologies, 2007. ICALT 2007. Seventh IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

18-20 July 2007