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MgB2 tapes have been synthesized through the ex-situ powder-in-tube (PIT) method. This technique involves the cold working of tubes of various metals-in this case Ni-previously filled by suitably reacted MgB powders, followed by proper heat treatments. In particular, it allows the use of different starting powders and the control over their properties. We studied the influence of the starting powders on the superconducting properties of the final conductors, and we tried to improve their behavior in magnetic field by mastering their grain size and by inserting appropriate doping. In order to improve the pinning properties of the tapes, the granulometry has been varied through ball-milling of MgB, and different dopants-such as carbon or SiC nanoparticles-have been introduced either on the precursors or on MgB. Critical current measurements on the tapes are presented, both magnetic from the SQUID and transport in high magnetic field. In particular, IV characteristics have been measured up to 13 Tesla at GHMFL (Grenoble) in order to extract the critical current in two directions, i.e. with the field perpendicular and parallel to the tape surface.
Date of Publication: June 2007