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A Transmitter Architecture Based on Delta–Sigma Modulation and Switch-Mode Power Amplification

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2 Author(s)
Michael Nielsen ; Aalborg University, Aalborg ; Torben Larsen

This brief presents a method of deploying RF switch-mode power amplification for varying envelope signals. Thereby the power amplifier can be operated as a switch with a high power efficiency as the result. The key idea is to transmit either a full RF period or none at all in such a way that the correct modulated RF signal is obtained after filtering. This is accomplished in a novel configuration of a low-pass DeltaSigma modulator using a phase modulated clock combined with a simple AND-gate. The designed modulator is easy to implement, displays very good linearity and offers time domain signals that promote the power efficiency of the power amplifier. The working principle is described through theory and simulations, and validation is done via measurements on a prototype of the modulator. Measurements on the prototype show that the presented modulator modulates a UMTS signal with more than 10-dB margin to the spectrum mask and EVM below 0.85% RMS (req<17.5%). Delta-sigma, power amplifier (PA), RF, switch mode, transmitter architecture, varying envelope.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 8 )