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We fabricated small superconducting coils whose bobbins were made of a Dyneema fiber reinforced plastic (DFRP), a Dyneema and glass fiber reinforced plastic (DGFRP), and a glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP). Because Dyneema fibers in the FRP expand, we are able to control thermal expansion/contraction property in a circumferential direction of the DFRP and the DGFRP pipes during a cooling process from room temperature to low temperature. We fabricated two kinds of the DFRP and the DGFRP coils whose properties were expansion and contraction. The GFRP has always a characteristic of contraction during cool-down. We measured a mechanical loss that occurred in the coil during AC excitation of those coils. The mechanical losses decreased with increasing winding tension of the conductor in the coils according to the experimental data. And the mechanical loss of the coils whose bobbins had characteristic of expansion was considerably smaller than that of contraction. It was experimentally shown that the bobbins with expansion property during the cooling down were effective to decrease the mechanical loss of the AC coils.
Date of Publication: June 2007