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High Field and High Temperature Characteristics of Small Test Coil Using CVD-YBCO Tape for SMES

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9 Author(s)
Shikimachi, K. ; Chubu Electric Power Co. Inc., Nagoya ; Hirano, N. ; Nagaya, S. ; Matsuo, H.
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Magnetic field dependencies of the Ic of the IBAD/CVD-YBCO short tape sample and its small coil sample were measured in high fields, up to 18 T at 77 K. Compared with the Ic of the tape sample, the Ic of the coil sample at 0.1 muV/cm showed the same tendency in high fields. If YBCO tape is applied to a high-field coil application, the application should be operated at a temperature which is lower than 77 K. Using long CVD-YBCO tape, six stacked pancake coils were fabricated. Various current tests were conducted using one of these stacked coils. In AC current tests, thermal stability of the YBCO coil was estimated. When the peak values of AC current were 1.2 times higher than the maximum DC current in a thermal stable state, Idcmax, and the average electric field of the coil at the first triangular wave was about 10 times higher than 1 muV/cm criterion, the peak values of the built-up voltage did not tend to increase even after the 99th triangular wave current, and thermal run-away in the coil was not observed. In DC current with overlapped pulse current tests, the maximum peak current of the coil in a thermal stable state was obtained as a function of DC current and sweep time. It was 1.3 times higher than Ic and 1.4 times higher than Idcmax in a test condition. These results indicate that the YBCO coil has high potential in short-time, over-current operations at high temperatures. In cases where built-up voltages did not disappear, they began to increase just after the coil currents reverted to the initial DC currents. It was found that DC current influenced the increasing speed of built-up voltages once the pulse current had decreased to zero.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 2 )