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Since resistive superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) are inserted to a power system directly, it is necessary to recover instantly after the clearance of a fault. Most resistive SFCLs using BSCCO bulk or thick film have a recovery time of tens of seconds. An SFCL using YBCO coated conductor (CC) has a large surface area contacted to liquid nitrogen. Joule heat flux of the SFCL is smaller than that of other types when a fault occurs. Therefore, it is important for the SFCL employing CC to investigate a recovery time. In this paper, the recovery characteristics of SFCL with respect to applied voltage were analysed in a power system. All tests were performed in liquid nitrogen and sub-cooled nitrogen. From this result, the parameters for recovery time were obtained.
Date of Publication: June 2007