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Theoretical studies are presented for the band structures of plate-mode waves in a one-dimensional (1-D) phononic crystal plate consisting of piezoelectric ceramics placed periodically in an epoxy substrate. The dependences of the widths and starting frequencies of first band gaps (FBG) on the filling fraction and the thickness to lattice pitch ratio are calculated for different polarizations of piezoelectric ceramics under different electric boundary conditions, i.e., short circuit (SC) and open circuit (OC). We found that the FBG always is broadened by polarizing piezoelectric ceramics, and the FBG widths with SC always are larger than that with OC for the same polarization. Our research shows that there are three critical parameters which determine the FBG: the polarized directions, the filling fraction, and the ratio of the plate thickness to the lattice pitch, respectively. Therefore, we can control the width and starting frequency of the FBG in the engineering according to need by choosing these parameters of the system.