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The Effect of Phase Cancellation on Estimates of Calcaneal Broadband Ultrasound Attenuation in Vivo

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1 Author(s)
Wear, K.A. ; U.S. Food & Drug Admin., Rockville

Broadband ultrasonic attenuation (BUA) is a clinically-accepted measurement for prediction of osteoporotic fracture risk. Typical clinical BUA measurements are performed with phase-sensitive receivers and, therefore, can be affected by phase cancellation. In order to separate the effects of conventional attenuation (absorption plus scattering) From phase cancellation, BUA was measured on phantoms with acrylic wedge phase aberrators and on 73 women using both phase sensitive (PS) and phase insensitive (PI) reception. A clinical bone sonometer with a two-dimensional (2-D) receiver array was used. PI BUA measurements on phantoms with acrylic wedge phase aberrators were found to be far more resistant to phase cancellation than PS BUA measurements. In data from 73 women, means and standard deviations for BUA measurements were 81.4 plusmn21.4 dB/MHz (PS) and 67.2plusmn 9.7 dB/MHz (PI). The magnitude of the discrepancy between PS BUA and PI BUA tended to increase with bone mineral density (BMD).

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 7 )