By Topic

A Novel Directional Borehole Radar System Using Optical Electric Field Sensors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Motoyuki Sato ; Tohoku Univ., Sendai ; Takuya Takayama

A directional borehole radar system using an array antenna connected to passive optical electric field sensors was developed and evaluated by laboratory and field experiments. This system uses a single dipole antenna for a transmitter and a four-dipole element circular array for a receiver. The received signals are transmitted through optical fibers from optical electric field sensors. The receiver array measures the phase differences between four dipole antennas and estimates the azimuth direction of the incoming reflection wave. The accuracy of the phase measurement was first evaluated in a laboratory test and then tested in a field experiment. To compensate for the sensitivity differences among the sensors, we propose an in situ calibration technique. The dominant operating frequency of the system is 70 MHz. Subsequently, we used borehole radar for subsurface measurements in a vertical borehole in granite. Estimation of the azimuth orientations of subsurface fractures was successfully demonstrated.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 8 )