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A Virtual Head Driven by Music Expressivity

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3 Author(s)
Mancini, M. ; IUT de Montreuil-Univ. of Paris 8, Montreuil ; Bresin, R. ; Pelachaud, C.

In this paper, we present a system that visualizes the expressive quality of a music performance using a virtual head. We provide a mapping through several parameter spaces: on the input side, we have elaborated a mapping between values of acoustic cues and emotion as well as expressivity parameters; on the output side, we propose a mapping between these parameters and the behaviors of the virtual head. This mapping ensures a coherency between the acoustic source and the animation of the virtual head. After presenting some background information on behavior expressivity of humans, we introduce our model of expressivity. We explain how we have elaborated the mapping between the acoustic and the behavior cues. Then, we describe the implementation of a working system that controls the behavior of a human-like head that varies depending on the emotional and acoustic characteristics of the musical execution. Finally, we present the tests we conducted to validate our mapping between the emotive content of the music performance and the expressivity parameters.

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 6 )