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On Scheduling and Real-Time Capacity of Hexagonal Wireless Sensor Networks

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2 Author(s)
K. Shashi Prabh ; University of Virginia, USA ; Tarek F. Abdelzaher

Since wireless ad-hoc networks use shared communication medium, accesses to the medium must be coordinated to avoid packet collisions. Transmission scheduling algorithms allocate time slots to the nodes of a network such that if the nodes transmit only during the allocated time slots, no collision occurs. For real-time applications, by ensuring deterministic channel access, transmission scheduling algorithms have the added significance of making guarantees on transmission latency possible. In this paper we present a distributed transmission scheduling algorithm for hexagonal wireless ad-hoc networks with a particular focus on Wireless Sensor Networks. Afforded by the techniques of ad-hoc networks topology control, hexagonal meshes enable trivial addressing and routing protocols. Our transmission scheduling algorithm constructs network-wide conflict-free packet transmission schedule for hexagonal networks, where the overhead of schedule construction in terms of message exchanges is zero above and beyond that for topology control and other network control related functions. Furthermore, the schedule is optimal in the sense that the bottleneck node does not idle. We also present an implicit clock synchronization algorithm to facilitate scheduling. We derive the real time capacity of our scheduling algorithm. We present evaluations of our scheduling algorithm in the presence of topological irregularities using simulation.

Published in:

19th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS'07)

Date of Conference:

4-6 July 2007