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Using Genetic Algorithms to Improve Matching Performance of Changeable biometrics from Combining PCA and ICA Methods

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3 Author(s)
MinYi Jeong ; Yonsei Univ., Seoul ; Jeung-Yoon Choi ; Jaihie Kim

Biometrics is personal authentication which uses an individual's information. In terms of user authentication, biometric systems have many advantages. However, despite its advantages, they also have some disadvantages in the area of privacy problems. Changeable biometrics is solution to problem of privacy protection. In this paper we propose a changeable face biometrics system to overcome this problem. The proposed method uses the PCA and ICA methods and genetic algorithms. PCA and ICA coefficient vectors extracted from an input face image were normalized using their norm. The two normalized vectors were transformed using a weighting matrix which is derived using genetic algorithms and then scrambled randomly. A new transformed face coefficient vector was generated by addition of the two weighted normalized vectors. Through experiments, we see that we can achieve performance accuracy that is better than conventional methods. And, it is also shown that the changeable templates are non-invertible and provide sufficient reproducibility.

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007. CVPR '07. IEEE Conference on

Date of Conference:

17-22 June 2007