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This paper introduces a novel colour-based affine co-variant region detector. Our algorithm is an extension of the maximally stable extremal region (MSER) to colour. The extension to colour is done by looking at successive time-steps of an agglomerative clustering of image pixels. The selection of time-steps is stabilised against intensity scalings and image blur by modelling the distribution of edge magnitudes. The algorithm contains a novel edge significance measure based on a Poisson image noise model, which we show performs better than the commonly used Euclidean distance. We compare our algorithm to the original MSER detector and a competing colour-based blob feature detector, and show through a repeatability test that our detector performs better. We also extend the state of the art in feature repeatability tests, by using scenes consisting of two planes where one is piecewise transparent. This new test is able to evaluate how stable a feature is against changing backgrounds.
Date of Conference: 17-22 June 2007