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An Integer Linear Programming Based Routing Algorithm for Flip-Chip Design

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3 Author(s)
Jia-Wei Fang ; Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan ; Chin-Hsiung Hsu ; Yao-Wen Chang

The flip-chip package provides a high chip-density solution to the demand for more I/O pads of VLSI designs. In this paper, we present the first routing algorithm in the literature for the pre-assignment flip-chip routing problem with a pre-defined netlist among pads and wire-width and signal-skew considerations. Our algorithm is based on integer linear programming (ILP) and guarantees to find an optimal solution for the addressed problem. It adopts a two-stage technique of global routing followed by detailed routing. In global routing, it first uses two reduction techniques to prune redundant solutions and create a global-routing path for each net. Without loss of the solution optimality, our reduction techniques can further prune the ILP variables (constraints) by 85.5% (98.0%) on average over a recent reduction technique. The detailed routing applies X-based grid- less routing to complete the routing. Experimental results based on five real industry designs show that our router can achieve 100% routability and the optimal global-routing wirelength and satisfy all signal-skew constraints, under reasonable CPU times, while recent related work results in much inferior solution quality.

Published in:

2007 44th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference

Date of Conference:

4-8 June 2007